May 1, 2020

Two New Publications Featured in Journals Spring Edition

April 30, 2020 Ι Two articles co-authored by orthopaedic department faculty members were recently published in the spring edition of the Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances, a peer-reviewed, indexed journal of the Southern Orthopaedic Association.  The journal serves as the premier forum for the exchange of information and the presentation of new techniques and procedures, as well as updates about the ongoing educational activities of interest to all practicing orthopaedists. 

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Injury in Crossfit

¹Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.
²Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.


The present study aims to investigate the incidence and pattern of injury in Crossfit. This study used a database search of “Crossfit” AND “Injury” for systematic review and meta-analysis. Crossfit seems to be an effective exercise method to decrease weight and BMI while improving function. High intensity interval training improves blood pressure, body fat percentage, lung capacity and pancreas function. Articles meeting inclusion showed that shoulder, back and then knee injuries were the most commonly self-reported in surveys. Incidence of injury is similar to that of other common recreational sports. Some Crossfit movements and participant characteristics may lead to higher incidences of specific injuries and injuries overall. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 29(1):26-30, 2020)

Accuracy of the Spinal Pain Diagram Is Influenced by Patient Health Literacy in Completion of the Scoliosis Research Society-30 Questionnaire

Hadden K1Gan JM1McClure S2McCarthy RE2Bumpass DB2.

¹University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Center for Health Literacy.
²University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.


The Scoliosis Research Society Questionnaire (SRS-30) was designed to measure health-related quality of life in scoliosis patients. Patients with low health literacy may need specific guidance when providing feedback on the SRS-30 so that reliable and valid results are collected for clinical decision making. The purpose of this research study was to investigate the health literacy demands of the Scoliosis Research Society Questionnaire (SRS-30) and to determine if health literacy best practices mitigate errors for patients with low health literacy. Readability assessment, focus groups and structured interviews were used. Results indicated that patients with low health literacy perceived health literacy best practices as helpful in completing the SRS-30 drawing. Additionally, patients with inadequate health literacy had a higher proportion of errors in pain location on the drawing (p = 0.0325) compared to patients with adequate health literacy. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 29(1):39- 42, 2020)